各地
资讯
当前位置:中华考试网 >> 英语四级考试 >> 听力理解 >> 模拟试题 >> 2019年大学英语四级听力考试题(10)

2019年大学英语四级听力考试题(10)

中华考试网   2019-02-11   【

2019年大学英语四级听力考试题(10)

  Section A(1-8)

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

  1. A)The woman should go on playing chess.

  B)He is willing to play chess with the woman.

  C)The woman has good reason to quit the game.

  D)He will give the woman some tips on the game.

  2. A)She would like to resume contact with Sally.

  B)The man can forward the mail to Mary.

  C)She can call Mary to take care of the mail.

  D)Mary probably knows Sally’s new address.

  3. A)He did not attend today’s class. B)His notes are not easy to read.

  C)His handwriting has a unique style. D)He is very pleased to be able to help.

  4. A)The new restaurant is a perfect place for dating.

  B)The new restaurant caught her fancy immediately.

  C)The man has good taste in choosing the restaurant.

  D)The man had better choose another restaurant.

  5. A)He will help the woman put things away. B)He has been waiting for winter sale.

  C)He has been looking forward to spring. D)He will clean the woman’s boots for spring.

  6. A)The woman often works overtime at weekends. B)The man often lends books to the woman.

  C)The man appreciates the woman’s help. D)The woman is rather forgetful.

  7. A)Take a sightseeing trip. B)Go to work on foot.

  C)Start work earlier than usual time. D)Take a walk when the weather permits.

  8. A)Temporary closing has disturbed the airport’s operation.

  B)The plane is going to land at another airport.

  C)All flights have been delayed due to bad weather.

  D)The airport’s management is in real need of improvement.

  Section C

  Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

  Looking at the basic biological systems, the world is not doing very well. Yet economic indicators show the world is (26)______. Despite a slow start at the beginning of the eighties, global economic output increased by more than a fifth during the (27)______. The economy grew, trade increased, and millions of new jobs were created. How can biological indicators show the (28)______of economic indicators?

  The answer is that the economic indicators have a basic fault: they show no difference between resource uses that (29)______progress and those uses that will hurt it. The main measure of economic progress is the gross national product (GNP). (30)______, this totals the value of all goods and services produced and subtracts loss in value of factories and equipment. Developed a half?century ago, GNP helped (31)______a common way among countries of measuring change in economic output. For some time, this seemed to work (32)______well, but serious weakness are now appearing. As indicated earlier, GNP includes loss in value of factories and equipment, but it does not (33)______the loss of natural resources, including non?renewable resources such as oil or renewable resources such as forests.

  This basic fault can produce a (34)______sense of national economic health. According to GNP, for example, countries that overcut forests actually do better than those that preserve their forests. The trees cut down are counted as income but no subtraction is made for (35)______the forests.

  答案解析

  Section A(1-8)

  1. W: I’m going to give up playing chess. I lost again today.

  M: Just because you lost? Is that any reason to quit?

  Q: What does the man imply?

  【答案解析】A 男士说,仅仅因为你输了?那能算是放弃的理由吗?显然,带有责备与不赞同之意。再结合女士所说的“我打算放弃下棋”可知,男士不赞同女士放弃下棋。A选项是对男士话语的合理推断,因此正确。

  2. M: Do you know Sally’s new address? She’s got some mail here, and I’d like to forward it to her.

  W: Well, we’ve not been in touch for quite a while. Let’s see. Mary should know it.

  Q: What does the woman mean?

  【答案解析】D 由女士说的“我们已经有一段时间不联系了”可知,她不知道Sally的新地址,随后女士又补充道“Mary应该知道”,即Mary可能知道Sally的新地址。D选项是对女士话语的同义转述,因此正确。

  3. W: I missed classes this morning. Could you please lend me your notes?

  M: My notes? You’ve never seen my handwriting, have you?

  Q: What does the man imply?

  【答案解析】B 男士以“你从未看懂过我写的字,不是吗?”来回应女士“能把你的笔记借给我吗?”这一请求,言下之意是男士认为女士看不懂他写的笔记。B选项是对男士话语的合理推断,因此正确。

  4. M: I’m taking my girlfriend to the fancy new restaurant for her birthday tonight.

  W: I went there last weekend, I found it rather disappointing.

  Q: What does the woman mean?

  【答案解析】D 女士说“我觉得那家餐厅非常令人失望”,结合男士所说的“我要带女朋友去那家新开的高级餐厅”这一语境可知,男士和女士谈论的是同一家餐厅,即女士觉得该餐厅不怎么样。而女士这样告知男士,是希望他换一家餐厅就餐。D选项是对女士话语的合理推断,因此正确。

  5. W: Winter is over at last. Time to put away my gloves and boots.

  M: I’ve been waiting for this for months.

  Q: What does the man mean?

  【答案解析】C 女士说“冬天终于结束了”,男士回应道“我这几个月都在等这一时刻的到来”。由这一语境推知,男士口中的“这一时刻”即“冬天终于结束了”,也就是说男士盼望春天的到来。C选项是对男士话语的合理推断,因此正确。

  6. W: Thank you for bringing the books back.

  M: I thought you’d need them over the weekend. Many thanks for letting me use them.

  Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

  【答案解析】C 女士感谢男士将书送回,男士以“非常感谢你让我使用这些书”回应。由此可知,女士将书借给了男士,男士很感谢她的帮助。C选项是对对话内容的合理推断,因此正确。

  7. W:Are you working flexible hours?

  M:No, I’m not. The weather today is so nice, so I decided to walk to work, and that meant I had to leave an hour earlier than usual.

  Q:What did the man decide to do?

  【答案解析】B 男士说“因为今天的天气很好,所以我决定走路上班”。本句中的“决定”与题干中的decide对应,B选项是对话内容的同义转述,因此正确。男士是说“leave an hour earlier than usual(比平时提早一个小时出发)”,并非提早Start work,C选项为细节干扰。

  8. W: Our plane has been circling for a long time. Why the delay?

  M: The airport was closed for a while this morning, and things are still not back to normal.

  Q: What does the man mean?

  【答案解析】A 男士说机场出现了状况,因此暂时关闭。结合女士所说的“我们的飞机已经盘旋一阵子了,为什么迟迟不降落?”可知,飞机迟迟无法降落正是由机场的暂时关闭所致,而飞机的起落属于airport’s operation(机场运营)范畴。A选项是对对话内容的合理推断,因此正确。

  Section C

  Looking at the basic biological systems, the world is not doing very well. Yet economic indicators show the world is prospering. Despite a slow start at the beginning of the eighties, global economic output increased by more than a fifth during the decade. The economy grew, trade increased, and millions of new jobs were created. How can biological indicators show the opposite of economic indicators?

  The answer is that the economic indicators have a basic fault: they show no difference between resource uses that sustain progress and those uses that will hurt it. The main measure of economic progress is the gross national product (GNP). In simple terms, this totals the value of all goods and services produced and subtracts loss in value of factories and equipment. Developed a half?century ago, GNP helped establish a common way among countries of measuring change in economic output. For some time, this seemed to work reasonably well, but serious weaknesses are now appearing. As indicated earlier, GNP includes loss in value of factories and equipment, but it does not take into account the loss of natural resources, including non?renewable resources such as oil or renewable resources such as forests.

  This basic fault can produce a misleading sense of national economic health. According to GNP, for example, countries that overcut forests actually do better than those that preserve their forests. The trees cut down are counted as income but no subtraction is made for using up the forests.

  26.【答案解析】prospering 空格位于省略引导词that的宾语从句中。从句的主语是the world,空格可能填入现在分词(短语)或过去分词(短语),与is构成复合谓语;也可能填名词、形容词、介词短语、动词不定式(短语)等,构成系表结构。由连词Yet可知,本句与第一句为转折关系。而第一句使用了现在进行时,故空格填分词(短语)构成复合谓语的可能性更大。

  27.【答案解析】decade Despite引导的让步状语中出现了表时间的eighties,且the前是通常用于表时间的during,由此推测空格处所填词很可能是表示时间的名词性质的词(组)。

  28.【答案解析】opposite 空格位于该句的宾语部分,由于空格前为定冠词the,空格后为介词of,可以判定空格处应填入具有名词性质的词(组)。

  29.【答案解析】sustain that引导的定语从句,修饰resource uses。分析句子结构可知,从句缺少谓语,既然先行词resource uses为复数,考虑到主谓一致原则和文章的主时态为一般现在时,空格处应填动词(词组)的原形。

  30.【答案解析】In simple terms 该句主干结构完整,本空填入的词(组)应作状语或插入语。其形式可以是副词(短语)、介词短语、动词不定式(短语)、分词(短语)等。

  31.【答案解析】establish 空格前为谓语helped,空格后为名词短语a common way;而help (to) do sth.为固定搭配,故空格处很可能填入(省略to的)动词不定式。

  32.【答案解析】reasonably 空格所在句的主干结构完整,空前为不及物动词work,空后的副词well作状语,修饰work,故空格处填入副词(短语)作状语,修饰work或well。

  33.【答案解析】take into account 根据空格前的助动词does not可以确定,空格处应填入动词(词组)的原形。

  34.【答案解析】misleading 空格前为不定冠词a,空格后为名词sense,空格处应作定语,修饰该名词。可以填入名词(动名词)、形容词、现在分词等形式。

  35.【答案解析】using up 空格所在句的主语为no subtraction,谓语为is made,for the forests作状语。鉴于空格前为介词for,空格后为名词the forests,空格处应填入动名词(组)。

纠错评论责编:examwkk
相关推荐
热点推荐»

book.examw.com

  • 新东方四级词汇词根+联想记忆法:乱序版
    ¥48.00
  • 新东方大学英语四级考试超详解真题+模拟试题
    ¥34.90
  • 大学英语四级阅读180篇含六大题源外刊记单词+四级语法与阅读理解难句
    ¥47.30
  • 2018年6月大学英语四级真题详解+标准预测试卷词汇写作翻译
    ¥45.40
博聚网