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金融英语常用语的地道翻译汇总

中华考试网   2015-08-15   【

  1. 素质 教育 :Quality Education 金融 英语

  2. EQ:分两种,一种为教育商数Educational quotient,另一种情感商数Emotional quotient

  3. 保险业: the insurance industry 金融英语

  4. 保证重点指出: ensure funding for priority areas

  5. 补发拖欠的养老金: clear up pension payments in arrears

  6. 不良贷款: non-performing loan 金融英语

  7. 层层转包和违法分包: mutlti-level contracting and illegal subcontracting

  8. 城乡信用社: credit cooperative in both urban and rural areas

  9. 城镇居民最低生活保障: a minimum standard of living for city residents

  10. 城镇职工医疗保障 制度 : the system of medical insurance for urban workers

  11. 出口信贷: export credit

  12. 贷款质量: loan quality

  13. 贷款质量五级分类 办法 : the five-category assets classification for bank loans

  14. 防范和化解金融风险: take precautions against and reduce financial risks

  15. 防洪工程: flood-prevention project

  16. 非法外汇交易 : illegal foreign exchange transaction

  17. 非贸易收汇: foreign exchange earnings through nontrade channels

  18. 非银行金融机构: non-bank financial institutions

  19. 费改税: transform administrative fees into taxes

  20. 跟踪审计: foolow-up auditing

  21. 工程监理 制度 : the monitoring system for projects

  22. 国有资产安全: the safety of state-owned assets

  23. 过度开垦 : excess reclamation

  24. 合同管理制度: the contract system for governing projects

  25. 积极的财政 政策 : pro-active fiscal policy

  26. 基本生活费: basic allowance

  27. 解除劳动关系: sever labor relation

  28. 金融监管责任制: the responsibility system for financial supervision

  29. 经济安全: economic security

  30. 靠扩大财政赤字搞建设: to increase the deficit to spend more on development

  31. 扩大国内需求 : the expansion of domestic demand

  32. 拉动经济增长: fuel economic growth

  33. 粮食仓库: grain depot

  34. 粮食收购企业: grain collection and storage enterprise

  35. 粮食收购资金实行封闭运行: closed operation of grain purchase funds

  36. 粮食销售市场: grain sales market

  37. 劣质工程: shoddy engineering

  38. 乱收费、乱摊派、乱罚款: arbitrary charges, fund-raising, quotas and fines

  39. 骗汇、逃汇、 套汇 : obtain foreign currency under false pretenses, not turn over foreign owed to the government and illegal arbitrage

  40. 融资渠道: financing channels

  41. 商业信贷原则: the principles for commercial credit

  42. 社会保险机构: social security institution

  43. 失业保险金: unemployment insurance benefits

  44. 偷税、骗税、逃税、抗税: tax evasion, tax fraud and refusal to pay taxes

  45. 外汇收支: foreign exchange revenue and spending

  46. 安居工程: housing project for low-income urban residents

  47. 信息化: information-based; informationization

  48. 智力密集型: concentration of brain power; knowledge-intensive

  49. 外资企业: overseas-funded enterprises

  50. 下岗职工: laid-off workers

  51. 分流: reposition of redundant personnel

  52. 素质 教育: education for all-round development

  53. 豆腐渣工程: jerry-built projects

  54. 社会治安情况: law-and-order situation

  55. 民族国家: nation state

  56. “台独”: "independence of Taiwan"

  57. 台湾当局: Taiwan authorities

  58. 台湾同胞 : Taiwan compatriots

  59. 台湾是中国领土不可分割的一部分:Taiwan is an inalienable part of the Chinese territory.

  60. 西部大开发 : Development of the West Regions

  61. 可持续性发展: sustainable development

  62. 风险投资 : risk investment

  63. 通货紧缩 : deflation

  64. 扩大内需 : to expand domestic demand

  65. 计算机辅助教学: computer-assisted instruction ( CAI )

  66. 网络空间: cyberspace

  67. 虚拟现实: virtual reality

  68. 网民 : netizen ( net citizen )

  69. 电脑犯罪 : computer crime

  70. 电子商务: the e-business

  71. 网上购物 : shopping online

  72. 应试教育: exam-oriented education

  73. 学生减负 : to reduce study load

  74. “厄尔尼诺”:(EL Nino)

  75. “拉尼娜”:(La Nina)

  76. “智商”:(IQ)

  77. “情商”:(EQ)

  78. “第三产业”:(third/tertiary industry,service sector,third sequence of enterprises)

  79.“第四产业”:(quaternary/information industry)

  80.“军嫂”:(military spouse)

  81.“峰会”(香港译“极峰会议”)”:summit(conference)

  82.“克隆”:clone

  83.“冰毒”:ice

  84.“摇头丸”:dancing outreach

  85.“传销”:multi level marketing

  86.“(计算机)2000年问题”:Y2K problem(y for year, k for kilo or thousand)

  87.“白皮书”:white paper(不是white cover book)

  88.“傻瓜相机”:Instamatic(商标名,焦距、镜头均固定,被称为foolproof相机);

  89.“白条”:IOU note(IOU:债款、债务,由I owe you 的读音缩略转义而来)

  90.“巡回招聘”:milk round(一种招聘 毕业生 的方式,大公司走访各大学及学院,向求职者介绍本公司情况并与报名者晤谈)。

  91.“减员增效”:increase efficiency by downsizing staff;

  92.“抓大放小”:manage large enterprises well while ease control over small ones;

  93.“市政府要办的X件实事”:x major projects that should be given top priority as designated on the municipal government’s working agenda;

  94.“两个基本点”:two focal points,two of the major points of the line set by the 13th Congress of the CPC,I.e.upholding the four cardinal principles and the policies reform,opening to the outside world and invigorating domestic economy。

  95.“投资热点”:a region attractive to investors,a muchsought piece of hand,popular investment spot

  96.“移动电话”:本系cellular(有时简作cel)或mobile(tele)phone

  97.“三角债”:chain debts或debt chains

  98.“拳头产品”:knockout product

  99.“投诉热线”:dial-a-cheat confidential hotline(打电话告诉一件欺诈事件)

  100.“三通”的现译文three links:link of trade,travel and post...

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