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2019年全国英语等级考试三级阅读理解习题(9)

中华考试网   2018-11-08   【

 2019年全国英语等级考试三级阅读理解习题(9)

  The forces that make Japan one of the world’s most earthquake­prone (有地震倾向的) countries could become part of its long­term energy solution.

  Water from deep below the ground at Japan’s tens of thousands of hot springs could be used to produce electricity.

  Although Japanese high­tech companies are leaders in geothermal (地热的) technology and export it,its use is limited in the nation.

  “Japan should no doubt make use of its resources of geothermal energy,” said Yoshiyasu Takefuji,a leading researcher of thermal­electric power production.

  The disastrous earthquake and tsunami on March 11,2011 caused a reaction against atomic power,which previously made up 30 percent of Japan’s energy needs,and increased interest in alternative energies,which accounted for only 8 percent.

  Artist Yoko Ono has called on Japan to explore its natural energy,following the example of Iceland which uses renewable energy for more than 80 percent of its needs.

  For now,geothermal energy makes up less than 1 percent of the energy needs in Japan,which has for decades relied heavily on fossil fuels and atomic power.

  The biggest problem to geothermal energy is the high initial cost of the exploration and constructing the factories.Another problem is that Japan’s potentially best sites are already being developed for tourism or are located within national parks where construction is forbidden.

  “We can’t even dig 10 cm inside national parks.” said Shigeto Yamada of Fuji Electric,adding that regulations protecting nature would need to be relaxed for geothermal energy to grow.

  Researcher Hideaki Matsui said,“Producing electricity using hot springs is a decades­long project.We also have to think about what to do for now as energy supplies will decline in the short term.”

  The Earth Policy Institute in Washington,US,believed Japan could produce 80 000 megawatts (兆瓦) and meet more than half its electricity needs with geothermal technology.

  Japanese giants such as Toshiba are already global leaders in geothermal technology,with a 70 percent market share.In 2010,Fuji Electric built the world’s largest geothermal factory in New Zealand.

  小题1:What would be the best title for the text?A.Alternative energies in Japan

  B.World’s largest geothermal plant

  C.Japan takes the lead in geothermal technology

  D.Japan thinks of geothermal energy

  小题2:What percentage of Japan’s energy needs is geothermal energy?A.About 8%. B.Below 1%.

  C.Around 30%. D.Over 80%.

  小题3:According to Shigeto Yamada,the growth of geothermal power in Japan needs________.A.a change of rules  B.financial support

  C.local people’s helpD.high technology

  小题4:Geothermal energy is considered as a long­term program by________.A.Yoshiyasu Takefuji B.Hideaki Matsui

  C.Shigeto Yamada D.Yoko Ono

  小题5:It can be learned from the last two paragraphs that________.A.the world’s biggest geothermal plant was built by America

  B.Japan will not export its geothermal technology

  C.the potential of Japan’s geothermal energy is great

  D.it is hard to find geothermal energy in Japan

  参考答案及解析

  小题1:D

  小题2:B

  小题3:A

  小题4:B

  小题5:C

  语篇解读 本文为一篇科普说明文。让日本经常地震的一些自然力有可能会被转化成日本长期可持续利用的清洁能源,即:地热。本文对其进行了详细介绍。

  小题1:解析: 标题概括题。根据文章第三段的导入和倒数第三段最后一句“We also have to think about what to do for now as energy supplies will decline in the short term”,以及对全文的整体理解可知,本文主要讲的“日本正在考虑如何使用地热”的问题,所以D项最适合做文章的标题。

  答案: D

  小题2:解析: 细节理解题。根据文章第七段“For now,geothermal energy makes up less than 1 percent of the energy needs in Japan...”可知,答案B符合文意。

  答案: B

  小题3:解析: 推理判断题。根据文章倒数第四段中的“adding that regulations protecting nature would need to be relaxed for geothermal energy to grow”可推知,答案A符合文意。

  答案: A

  小题4:解析: 细节理解题。根据文章倒数第三段“Researcher Hideaki Matsui said,Producing electricity using hot springs is a decades­long project...”可知,答案B符合文意。

  答案: B

  小题5:解析: 推理判断题。根据对文章最后两段的整体理解可知,日本的地热能源潜力巨大。

  答案: C

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