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2019年公共英语三级写作常用句型

中华考试网   2018-11-07   【

2019年公共英语三级写作常用句型

  (一)文章开头句型

  Ⅰ对立法

  1.When asked about……the vast(overwhelming majority of most /many/quite a few)people say(think/believe/answer)that…But other people regard/view/see/think of…as…(I think/view quite/a bit differently).

  2.When it comes to…,some people think(believe)that…Other argue(claim)that the opposite(reverse)is true. There is probably some truth in both arguments(statements),but…

  3.There is a public(general/much)debate(discussion/controversy) today(nowadays)on(about/over/as to)the problem(issue)of…Those who criticize(oppose/object to)…contend(argue)that…They believe that…But people who advocate(favor)…,on the other hand,maintain/assert that…

  4.Now,it is commonly(generally/widely)believed(thought/held/accepted/felt/recognized/acknowledged)that…They claim(believe/argue)that…But I wonder(doubt)whether…

  5.To the general public(To most people/In the popular mind/In most people’s opinion),…But despite(in spite of/for all)…,I believe (one should)…

  6.Now a lot of(the majority of/many/most)people believe (think/feel)that…But although(Admittedly,)…,there is no(little)evidence(it is questioned/doubted)that…

  7.…In reaction(response/answer)to the event(phenomenon/idea/ question),some people say(think)…But do they realize…?

  8.…is a popular(widespread/common)method(way)of…,but is it a fair(wise/reasonable)one? The(Its)method(way/value/wisdom)is now being questioned (challenged)by more and more people.

  9.These days we often hear about…They claim(argue/say)that …But has(is)it? Close examination(analysis/scrutiny)doesn’t bear out the claim(argument).

  10.We are often shown(told)these days that…But is this really the case?

  Ⅱ现象法

  11.arisen(loomed up/cropped up as controversial/as noteworthy/more distinctly for settlement).

  12.Recently the issue(problem/question)of…has been in the limelight(brought into focus/brought to public attention/posed among the general public)

  13.In recent(the past)5years,many cities(nations/people)have①been faced(plagued/troubled with)②experienced(witnessed/under-gone)the〔a(n)〕serious problem of(acute shortage of/alarming in-crease in).

  14.One of the searching burning/pressing/interesting)questions (problems)facing(confronting)our nation(society/world)today is…

  15.One of the biggest issues(hottest topics/most popular things/most serious problems)many people talk(complain)about now is…

  16.Now(Perhaps)most dangerous(undesirable/harmful)for our nation(society/world/college)is the trend(tendency/phenomenon)of…which is apparent(obvious/evident/pervasive/rampant/under way) in…

  17.Inflation(Corruption/Social inequality)is yet another of the new and bitter truths we have to learn to face now(constantly).

  18.A(n)virtual epidemic(acute shortage/serious campaign)of…is now under way in this country(society).According to a recent(new)study(poll/survey).

  19.Here and there(In city after city/At offices and plants)across the country(land),a(n)growing(increasing/surprising/significant)

  20.With the rapid(marked/amazing)①development(improvement/expansion)of②increase(growth/decline in)…

  With the general(growing/common)①recognition(realization/acknowledgement of)②commitment(devotion/dedication)to ③interest in(concern over/enthusiasm for)…

  With…playing an increasingly big role in(attaching much importance to)…more and more.

  21.Nowadays(Currently/Recently)there is a ①growing/commonly tendency to/in/that ②general/deep-seated belief in/that

  ③general/uneasy feeling of/against/that ④growing/nation-wide recognition of/that ⑤growing/general awareness of/that ⑥deep/serious concern over/for/that ⑦deep/keen interest in ⑧growing/great demand for

  ⑨growing/great enthusiasm for/among sb.

  22.In recent few years(the past few decades)there is(has been)a ①sharp(marked/sudden/dramatic increase/growth/rise/decline in) ②astonishing(increasing/sizable number/percentage/proportion/population of)…

  According to a(n)recent(new/official)study(survey/report/ poll)…

  23.Any visitor to this city(country)…would almost inevitably ①deduce(draw his conclusion) ②be surprised(struck/impressed)by the fact…

  24.Whenever you see(find)…,you cannot help being struck(surprised/astonished/disappointed/impressed)by(at)…

  Ⅲ观点法

  25.①Nothing(Few things) ②No idea(opinion/belief/view/attitude)is(are)more(as)foolish dangerous/untrue/undesirable/basic/important/essential)

  than(as)…(which is widely(commonly/generally)held by…).

  26.Never(Nowhere)in history(the world/China)has the issue (change/idea)of…been more(as)visible(evident/popular)than(as)… 27.It is about(high)time we exploded(shattered/freed ourselves from)the myth

  (illusion/fiction)about…

  28.Perhaps(Maybe)we should(it is time to)rethink(reexamine/have a fresh look at)the idea(value/attitude wisdom/desirability)that …

  29.Now people in growing(increasing/significant)numbers are beginning(coming)to realize(recognize understand/accept/be aware)that…

  30.Now①there is a growing awareness/recognition on the part of people②people become increasingly aware/conscious of the need (necessity/importance)to(of)…

  31.①We might marvel at②In spite of(Despite)the great(giant/extraordinary/tremendous)progress stride/advance)made in science and technology(nearly every field),(but)…remain basically un-changed(the same as it was/as…as ever they were).

  Ⅳ引用法

  32.One of the great early men(writers/philosophers/scientists)said(wrote/remarked)that…If this is true(the case),then the present (current)view(value/attitude/situation)should make us wonder whether (ponder over)…

  33.①“Knowledge is power” ②“Awareness of ignorance is the beginning of wisdom”③“Familiar notions are often those least examined”④“Mutual ignorance breeds mutual distrust”

  ⑤“Genius is2percent inspiration and98percent perspiration” Such is the opinion of(remark made by)Bacon(Edison One of the great men).This view(remark)has been shared(confirmed)now(time and again)by more and more people(many historical events)。

  34.“…”That’s how one college student(official/housewife/father)described(commented/complained/criticized)…He/She is hardly alone in the experience(Many people have shared the experience like this).

  35.“…”The same idea(complaint/attitude)is voiced(echoed/shared)by…

  36.“…”How often we hear(We are used to hearing/Many people have heard)(such)statement(words/complaint)like(as)this(those).

  Ⅴ比较法

  37.For years(Until recently)…had been(was)seen(viewed/regarded)as…But that is changing now(people are taking a fresh look at it).With the growing(mounting)demand for(interest in/concern over)…,people…

  38.People used to think(It was once thought)that…In the past (old days)…But things are quite different(few people now share this view)

  39.Several years(decades)ago,people…Now(Today),…Why to people…(has such change taken place)?

  40.After a good many years of efforts to(enthusiasm for)…,people begin to…

  41.It is a traditional way(custom/practice)to…But now the pendulum has swung to another direction(in the opposite direction/the other way)

  42.In recent years,there is a steady there is a①steady(subtle/significant shift of)…②general(growing/healthy tendency to)…③upward(welcome/undesirable trend toward)…

  According to a poll(study/survey),there is X percent of…,compared with Y percent last year. Why…?

  Ⅵ故事法

  43.Last Sunday(The other day/Some months ago),I(a friend of mine)…The story(case/incident)is not rare/(unusual),it is one(typical)of thousands of…

  44.Once in a hospital(street/newspaper),I saw(read of/learnt)…The problem(phenomenon/plight)of…has drawn(aroused)public (nationwide/general)attention(concern)

  45.I have a friend(A friend of mine)who…Should(Can)he…? Such a choice(dilemma/problem)we often meet(face/confront)in our daily life.

  46.Once upon a time there was(lived)a man…The tale(story)may be apocryphal(unbelievable),but it still has a realistic significance(its underlying moral has continuing revelance)now(today).

  Ⅶ问题法

  47.Should(What)…?Opinions of(Attitudes toward)…vary widely/greatly(from person to person).Some think of(regard/view)…as …Others argue(believe/claim)…

  48.How do you(What do you/Do you ever)think of…?How do you(What do you/Do you ever)see…?In answer(reply)to these questions,we must…

  49.“Why do(have)…?”Many people often ask(pose)the question like this.

  (二)文章结尾句型

  Ⅰ结论性

  50.From what has been discussed above(Taking into account all these factors/Judging from all evidence offered),we may safely(reasonably)arrive at(come to/reach/draw)the conclusion(moral)that…

  51.The evidence upon all sides(analysis we have made/reasons we have advanced)supports(justifies/confirm/ms/points to/leads to)a (n)unshakable(unmistakable/sound/just)conclusion(idea/view)that … 52.In summary(conclusion/a word),it is more important/valuable(we should/must)…

  Ⅱ后果性

  53.We must search(look/call/cry)for a(n)immediate(quick)action(method/measure),because the present(current)situation(tendency/phenomenon/state/attitude)of,permitted(allowed)to continue(proceed),will surely

  (certainly)lead to(result in)the end(destruction/heavy cost)of

  54.Obviously(Clearly/No doubt). ①if we can’t change/control/improve the situation,②if we ignore/are blind to/fail in the problem,③unless there is a(n)immediate action/common realization of/general commitment to/radical change in,there is every chance(the chances are good/it is very likely)that…will be put in danger(jeopardy).

  55.Any person(nation/society)who(which)ignores(is blind to/fails to learn)the lesson(warning)would pay a heavy price(come to no good end/end in failure/disaster/nothing)

  56.We need to①take a fresh(clear/second/clear-eyed look at)②examine(grasp/sense/size up)the problem(matter/situation)①from a wider standpoint,②more broadly(seriously),③in a new perspective(an optimistic

  light),otherwise,we won’t come anywhere near under-standing (achieving/making a real dent)…

  Ⅲ号召性

  57.It might be time to heed(take)the warning(advice)of…and to put(place)great(special/considerable)emphasis(premiums)on the improvement(development/promotion/increase)of…

  58.It is time that we put(urged)an immediate end to the deplorable(undesirable/deep-seated/unhealthy)situation(phenomenon/tendency)of…

  59.It is necessary(essential/important)that effective(quick/proper)actions(steps/measures/remedies)should be taken to end(correct/fight)the situation(tendency/phenomenon)

  60.There is no doubt(denying)that special(adequate/consider-able/immediate/further)attention must be paid(called/devoted)to the problem(shortage/development)of…

  61.Obviously(Clearly),…If we are(want)to…it is vital(important/essential)that…

  Ⅳ建议性

  62.It is hoped(suggested)that great(considerable/concerted/persistent/sustained)efforts should be①made/exerted/bent to attain/achieve the goal(expended on/directed to/focused on the endeavor/attempt)

  63.In Short(any case),we(it)should(must/ought to)…;we(it)should(must/ought to)…

  64.We need to(What we need is)…;we need to(what we need is)…

  65.It is high time(necessary)that…Here are a few examples of some of the things(measures)that might be done(taken)immediately.

  66.While(Although)it cannot be solved immediately(is affected by many factors/is simpler to say than to do),still there are ways. The most common/important/popular)is…Another way(method)is…Still another one is…

  67.Awareness/Recognition(Defining/Presenting)the problem is the first step toward(easier than providing)the solution.

  Ⅴ方向性

  68.Many solutions(explanations/methods)are being offered here, all of them make some sense(has some validity),but none is very pleasant(adequate enough/quite satisfactory/to our satisfaction),the problem(issue/effects/causes)should be examined(studied/approached/recognized)in a wider context(a new way/depth)

  69.There is no easy/logical/quick/immediate/effective)method (solution/approach/answer/remedy)to the problem(question/issue)of …,but…might be useful(helpful/beneficial).

  70.No easy(new/effective/quick/instant)method(solution/remedy/recipe)is(can be)in sight(at hand/found/guaranteed)to solve(re-solve/tackle/at

  tack)the problem of…But the common(general/public) recognition(awareness of/commitment to)the necessity(importance/significance)of…might be the first step toward the change of…(on the right way/in the right direction)

  71.One’s(Our)first reaction to such suggestions(solutions)is one of surprise(astonishment).But surprise(astonishment)at the suggestion(solution)itself suggests a starting place.

  72.What will happen to/become of…?(How much change will take place,/Whether it is likely of not,)we don’t yet know for certain (no one can say exactly/precisely/nobody really knows)what…,but one thing is certain/clear(the direction is clear)

  73.To check(reverse/control)the trend(tendency)is not a(n)light (easy)task(job,)and it requires(demands/involves/entails)a(n)different(alternative)attitude(state of mind/outlook/point of view)./a good (keen/deep)awareness(understanding/perspective)of…

  74.It is clear(obvious/evident/apparent/no surprising),there-fore, that the task of…demands(requires/deserves/involves)great(immediate/considerable/considerable/serious/more)attention(efforts/emphasis/consideration)

  75.We have done…But we will achieve(accomplish/contribute)more if we proceed(continue)to…

  76.To be sure(True),there may be questions(problems/difficulties)we cannot answer(solve/overcome),but if we.

  77.The great challenge(urgent problem/great frontier)today is…There is much difficulty(to do),but…

  78.We may have a long way(road)to go(travel)before we reach the final goal(destination).But once we are on the way(road),the chance to reach it is greater.

  79.There is no better time to act(start)than right now,for you will never be offered a greater chance(opportunity)than you are at this moment.

  80.It remains to be seen whether…,but the prospect(picture/outlook)is not quite encouraging(that rosy)./seems to be quite bleak (of even worse to come).

  Ⅶ意义性

  81.Following these methods(suggestions)may not guarantee the success/solution(solve/change/substitute for)…but the pay-off might be worth the effort. It will help(benefit/contribute)…;it will help(benefit/contribute)…

  82.Certainly(Admittedly/To be sure),…,but it will(has)…;it will(has)…

  83.The importance(significance)of…cannot be overvalued(over-stressed/overemphasized).It will(can)…;it will(can)…

  84.Anyhow(after all)it has a far-reaching(profound/significant)influence,for it represents(symbolizes/stands for)a sharp break with(radical departure from)the traditional(conventional)pattern (attitude/notion)of…

  85.To participate in(observe…)is an instructive(educational/re-warding)experience(activity)that no one should be allowed to miss. The valuable(essential/real/precious)lesson(moral)to be learned (drawn)is not…,but is…

  86.We are now entering(find ourselves now living in)a new (changed/altered)era(world)which requires(calls for)…

  87.Anyway(Anyhow/In any case),whether it does us good or harm(is good or not/is positive or negative),it (one thing)is certain that it will undoubtedly(unquestionably)…

  Ⅶ引言性

  88.Edison(Bacon)is correct(right)in remarking(asserting/saying)that…

  89.A long time(Many years)ago,a great man(scientist/writer)said(remarked)that…

  Ⅷ提问性

  90.If we consider…,is it(this/there)…?

  91.…Can anyone really doubt(Can’t we be surprised/Why can’t we question)that…?

  (三)原因结果句型

  Ⅰ基本原因

  92.There are probably many(several/three/a number of/a variety of)reasons(causes)for this dramatic(marked/significant/extraordinary)increase(decline/growth/change)in…First…Second…Finally …

  93.Why have(did/are)…?For one thing(One reason is)…For an-other(Another reason is)…Perhaps the main(primary/fundamental/most important)reason is…

  94.It is no easy(simple)job(task/matter)to offer(identify/advance)the reasons for this phenomenon(tendency/change)which involves several(many)complicated factors. For some…For others…

  95.It is fairly easy(You don’t have to look very far)to find out(identify)the reason that(why)…

  96.The answer to(explanation for)this problem(phenomenon)involves many(several)complex(complicated/interrelated)factors(reasons).For one

  thing(Some),…For another(Others),…Still another (Still others)…

  97.The reasons(causes)for…,perhaps(probably/I suggest),are varied(complicated/profound/many).They include(lie in the fact)…Perhaps the main reason(cause)is…

  98.Thanks to(Owing to/Due to/Because of/As a result of)

  99.The increase(decline/change/success/failure)mainly stems/results/arises/comes from(①is chiefly caused by/because of/born of ②is largely due/owing/attributable to)the fact…(several factors).

  100.in part(partly)because…in part(partly)because…

  101…not(not only/not so much)because…,but(also/as)because…

  102…not(not only/not so much)come(arise/derive/stem/spring)from…,but(also/as)from…

  103.One may attribute(ascribe/owe)the increase(decrease/change)to…

  104.One tends to view(see/regard/think of)the trend(increase/success/change)as a result of(sign of/response to)…

  105.One may trace this trend(problem/phenomenon)back to…

  106.That’s the reason why(This can account for)…

  107.A number of factors could account for(contribute to/lead to/ result in)the change(increase/decrease/success/failure)of(in)…

  108.A number(multitude)of factors,both physical and psycho-logical(inherited and environmental/individual and social/academic and professional)affect(influence/contribute to)…

  109.These factors,coupled with the growth(change/recognition/realization )of…lead to(contribute to/result in/help)…

  110.Many(Various/Several)factors weigh(affect)heavily(greatly)for(against/in favor of)…

  111.The factors(reasons/causes)that lead to(contribute to/result in)…are(include):

  ①a growing awareness of…;a realization of…;a recognition of… ②a better understanding of…;an appreciation of…;a sense of…③the common interest in…;the enthusiasm for…;the dedication to… ④the reluctance to…;the indifference to…;the hostility to …⑤the lack of…;the absence of…;the loss of… ⑥a wide concern over…;an anxiety of…;a fear of…of…⑦the availability of…;the access to…;the command of… ⑧the public discontent with…;the complaint about…;the criticism of…

  Ⅱ另一原因

  112.Among the most sound(important/convincing)reasons given (cited/identified/advanced)by people for is…(,one should be mentioned/stressed/emphasized)

  113.One of the most popular(common/primary/widespread)reasons(explanations)for(why)is that.

  114.Part of the explanation for the rise(trend/failure)is…

  115.This is due to(because of)several factors(reasons)A(n)important(common/primary)factor(reason)

  116.Another(Other)important(contributory contributing)factor (s)(reason(s))is(are/conclude(s)).

  117.Also playing a part(contributing to this)is…

  118.…is also(partly/solely/chiefly)responsible for the increase (problem/change).

  119.Of course(Certainly),the growth(change)①is not the sole reason for…②is not by itself an adequate explanation for…③does not in itself explain/answer/account for…

  120.Some people suggest that the fault is(lies)with people who (things that)…But it①doesn’t answer the question②doesn’t explain the problem/phenomenon③is only partly right/correct.

  121.We may look into every possible reason(cause)except the re-al one. The leading(underlying/root)reason(cause)for…is…

  122.it is(These are)only(simply/merely)the surface(inadequate)explanation(s)for a far more fundamental(important/complex)problem.

  123.We may blame/criticize…for…(attribute/ascribe…to…),but the causes(roots)for the problem(phenomenon/trend)go far(much/still)deeper.

  Ⅲ后果影响

  124.There are a number of depressing(disturbing/dreadful/destructive/grave)consequences of(effects on),Perhaps the most serious (disastrous/potential/corrupting/detrimental)consequence(effect)is…

  125.The great(considerable/deep/desirable)effect(influence/impact)the change makes(exerts/has)on…is evident(apparent/obvious).

  126.It will have(exercise/exert

  /produce/bring about) a decisive (profound/far-reaching/beneficial/unfavorable/disastrous)effect(influence/impact)on…

  127.It may cause(produce/effect/bring about)a considerable (favorable/drastic/marked/sweeping/undesirable)rise(decrease/change)in.

  128.The influence(effect/consequence)of has not been confined(limited)to. It also.

  129.It(This)leaves(results in,brings about)that…

  130.It may cause(create/bring/result in/lead to/give rise to)a host(set/number)of problems.

  131.The immediate(eventual/consequent)result it produces (brings about)is…And perhaps the most obvious(direct)result of…is … 132.…is(are)the net(natural/final/direct/inevitable)result of…

  (四)比较对照句型

  Ⅰ两者比较(注:黑体字“A”和“B”分别代表进行比较的两种事物。)

  133.The advantages derived from(gained in/of)A far outweigh (are much greater than/carry more weight than)the advantages/benefits we gain from/in B(disadvantages/problems A entails)

  134.Although A has(enjoys/gains/secures)a(n)great(important/enormous/considerable/distinct)advantage of(over/in)…it can’t compete(be compared)with B in…

  135.There are several(many)advantages in(of)…The first (biggest)advantage is that…

  136.The effect of the comparison(contrast)is heightened by the special(particular/additional)advantage B enjoys.

  137.①When the advantages and disadvantages are compared/weighed,②Whether there are more advantages than disadvantages or vice versa,③Whatever the arguments for and/or against it. the most striking finding(conclusion)is quite obvious(self-evident).

  138.A sounds ridiculous(means nothing/appears trivial/is lost altogether)when B is mentioned(considered/taken into consideration).

  139.Indeed(Certainly),A carries/bears much/little weight(①plays a more/less important role②takes on little/special significance)as (when)compared to(with)B.

  140.Serious(High/Great)as the problem(cost/difficulty)may be,it(almost)pales(disappears)into insignificance before(beside/by comparison to/compared with)B

  141.A may be preferable to(superior to/better than)B. but it poses problems for those who…(①suffers from the problems/disadvantages of②brings its own problems/disadvantages.)For one thing…For another…

  142.For all(In spite of/Despite)the disadvantages(adverse effects)B has,it has its compensating advantages(beneficial effects). 143.Obviously,(there is no doubt that)it has its(both)drawbacks (disadvantages/negative effects)as well as(and)merits(advantages/positive effects).

  144.Like anything else,it has also its faults(pitfalls/problems/disadvantages/harmful effects)

  145.However,it is not without limits.(weaknesses/problems/faults/defects)The principal one is(For one thing,)…Besides(For an-other),…

  146.But is it all good? When it comes to(considering)the disadvantages(drawbacks)…In fact the advantages gained in(derived from) A are often offset(cancelled out/counterbalanced)by the disadvantages (problems)it entails.

  147.Nothing(Few things)can approach(equal/match/parallel/be compared with)B.

  148.Nothing is(Few things are)more…than(as…as…) 149.…more(less)…than is necessary(possible)to/for… 150.…more(less)…than would…

  151…is(does)more B than A(less A than B/not so much A as B)

  Ⅱ两者相同

  152.A is(does)no more…than(not…any more than)B is(does).

  153.A is(does)no less…than(①as much…as②to…as/what)B is (does).

  154.As(Just as)A…,so B…

  155.The same(thing)is true of(goes for(with)/happens to/applies to)B.

  156.Like… Similarly, Likewise, In the same way,

  157.A is as much(well/good)as B.

  158.A and B have/share several things in common. Both are alike in that both

  159.A bears some(many/little)close(striking starling)resemblance(s)to B There is/are little/some resemblance(s)between A and B.

  160.A…So(Nor)is(are/can)B Ⅲ两者不同

  161.While on the one hand…on the other hand.

  162.A…,while(whereas/on the other hand/on the contrary/in (by)contrast)B

  163.A and B differ/are different in several ways.(There are some basic marked differences between A and B)Unlike B.A

  164.Both A and B…both…But they differ essentially/widely/as to(are quite/markedly/entirely vastly different in)Unlike B A

  165.What A views/sees/regards as…B may think of/view/see… as

  166.A But the same cannot be said for(applied to)B

  167.In the past(Many years ago),…But now/today…has changed/ altered.(is no longer)

  (五)批评驳斥句型

  Ⅰ直接驳斥

  168.Although everyone believes that…I doubt(wonder)whether the argument bears much analysis(close examination)

  169.Although the popular(nationwide/commonly-accepted)belief (idea/assumption)is that…a current(recent/new)study(survey/investigation/pall)indicates(shows/reveals/demonstrates)that

  170.Although(While)the inclination(tendency)to is desirable (laudable/favorable/understandable),one may wonder whether…is fair(just).

  171.Although it is widely(commonly/generally)held(felt/a-greed/accepted)that…,it is unlikely to be true that

  172.Many/Most people argue(claim/contend/pretend)that. But this claim(argument/statement)may be questioned/doubted.

  173.Most of us(The majority of people)have been taken in by the notion/idea(under the illusion)that…There is no such thing as the right/good…for…

  174.People lend to think…There is no more reason to think/believe that…than there is to think/believe that.

  175.They may be right/correct in/about saying/asserting the idea/belief that…,but they seem to fail/neglect to mention(take note of/take into account)the fact that…

  176.In all the debate over(discussion about)…,one basic(important/fundamental)fact is generally overlooked/neglected.

  177.It is perhaps(probably/maybe/very)true that…but one vital (critical/essential)point/fact is being left out of our thinking(consciousness/analysis/consideration).

  178.It is true that(True,/To be sure,/Admittedly,)…,but this is not to say(it is unlikely/it doesn’t follow/it doesn’t necessary mean/ it won’t be the case)that…

  179.You/One may say/think/argue that…It/They probably does(will/do).But I wonder/doubt that…

  180.Some people suggest/propose that…But what these people fail to understand(mention/see)is that…

  181.Some people say(argue/assume)that…But this idea approach/argument)doesn’t(won’t)work(hold/do).

  182.There is probably/undoubtedly an element of truth(a certain plausibility)in the/these arguments(observations/ideas),but they ignore a deeper and more basic(important/essential)fact…

  183.A close/careful examination(scrutiny/analysis)of these arguments would reveal how flimsy(fallacious/groundless)they are.

  184.Closer examination(scrutiny/analysis),however,indicates(suggests/shows)that the claim(argument/assumption)may not be supported(merited/borne out)by the evidence/fact.

  185.At first thought/glance(On the surface/On the face of it),it/this may seem a(n)sound(attractive/palatable/good)idea(suggestion/possibility/solution),but on second thoughts(on close examination/considering it in detail/carefully weighing it in the balance),I/we find…

  186.Logical/Sound/Valid/Forcible as(are)these arguments (However logical/sound/valid/forcible these arguments)may be,and I whole-heartedly agree with them,they don’t make sense(appear in-significant(absurd)/only skim the surface of the problem)when are viewed the other way(seen in their proper perspective/taken into consideration)

  187.For all(Not with standing/Despite/In spite of)the claim(belief/promise)that…it is(a)common sense(knowledge/observation)that …more often do(es)the exact/just opposite.

  188.As opposed to(Contrary to/In contrast to)the widely(commonly/ generally)held/accepted belief(idea/assumption)that…,new studies(facts/surveys)challenge(fail to justify)the view/opinion/belief.

  189.We have been brought/grown up to believe/be told(with the idea/myth)that…Yet…

  190.People tend to cling persistently to the(old)feeling(opinion/idea/illusion/method/hope)that…Yet…

  191.They argue(maintain/contend/believe)that…,that…,and that…Yet…

  192.Some people argue/claim that…But more often than not,the opposite/reverse is usually(seems to be)the case/true.

  193.Some people argue/assume that…Perhaps/Maybe it is just/quite the other way around(opposite/contrary).

  194.There are those who hold/claim(take the first view)that…And on the other hand,there are those who believe/argue(argue for the second view)that…Both positions are very popular,But I cannot accept either view(wish to urge another point of view). Ⅱ批评分析

  195.To claim(assume/suggest/say)that…is to miss the point (wide of the mark/far from being proved/a gross exaggeration/the most obvious kind of nonsense)

  196.To suggest(propose/say)that…is exactly as if you(simply to say that/close to saying that)…

  197.Such suggestions(proposals/ideas/practice)are/is actually a (n)assault on(perversion of)the right(system/value/spirit)of…,and they/it deserve(s)to be rejected(thrown away)outright.

  198.If one advocates/allows…it is no good(point/sense)being disturbed(surprised)by the idea/fact that…

  199.It makes no sense to argue for(be in favor of)…,but object/ opposed to…

  200.The great/main problem/trouble with this view/argument is that it is ignorant of(blind to)the bare/basic fact…

  201.The obvious(serious/fatal)flaw(drawback/defect)in the idea(remark/view)is that it fails to take…into consideration(happens to leave…out of account)

  202.Too much emphasis placed on(attention paid to/importance attached to)the one side of the problem may obscure/overlook/neglect other factors(cause/pose/bring another set of problems)

  203.In may cases(On some occasions),public/general dissatisfaction with(disillusionment with/criticism of)…is unfair,for there is much we just take for granted.

  204.…What a foolish/preposterous idea(utter/arrant/sheer non-sense)!

  205.The absurdity(fallacy/contradiction)is obvious here when we…

  206.It is(would be)wrong/foolish/false(a fallacy/ridiculous nonsense)(a sad/grave mistake/error/blunder)to say(think/believe/suggest)…There is no such thing as…

  207.It is ironic(ridiculous/important)that…It is even more ironic (ridiculous/important)that…

  208.It would be foolish(absurd/far-fetched)to argue(think/believe)that…And it would be more(no less)foolish(absurd/far-fetched)to argue(think/believe)that…

  209.There is absolutely(in fact)no reason for us to believe(accept/doubt/reject/hope)that…

  210.…But the argument(explanation)so widely(frequently/commonly)offered/advanced simply doesn’t hold.

  211.…a(n)tendency(attitude/opinion)understandable(desirable)and even laudable(commendable/noble)in itself but irrational(unreasonable/short-sighted)and irresponsible(ridiculous/foolish)when connected to/we consider…

  212.The statement(argument)rests(is based)on the assumption that…,a(n)assumption(presupposition)that itself must be tested against evidence(borne out by facts).

  213.It is a good(praiseworthy/noble)thing(effort/endeavor)to…But is it a good praiseworthy/noble)thing(effort/endeavor)to…?

  214.They are(It is)not wrong to put an emphasis on(draw attention to)…,but…

  215.It is all very well to blame(criticize)…,but to blame(criticize)…is another matter altogether.

  216.It is fairly/quite wise(natural/reasonable/well-known)that …It is also(no less/even)wise(natural/reasonable/well-known)that…But it is probably(perhaps)less wise(natural/reasonable/well-known) that.

  217.It would be possible(reasonable/understandable)to think(believe/take the view)that…It would be also possible(reasonable/understandable)to think(believe/hold the view)that…Yet I am not so sure that…

  218.It is one thing to insist(believe/claim)that…,it is quite an-other to say(show/prove)that…

  (六)推理分析句型

  Ⅰ分析判断

  219.It seems quite/almost(un)likely(im)possible/(in)credible/(in)conceivable/inevitable)that…

  220.There is every chance/likelihood/possibility(The chances are)that…

  221.It is(seems)clear(obvious/evident/no surprising/no accident)that…

  222.It seems natural(worthwhile/noteworthy/appropriate/reason-able)that/to…

  223.It is perhaps more(quite/fairly)accurate(safe/reasonable)to say that…

  224.It is(seems)pretty(almost)certain that…

  225.Fortunately(Unfortunately)it is often/usually/always(likely to be)the case that…

  226.It is extremely(urgently/exceedingly/absolutely)necessary (important/essential)to note(say)that…

  227.It is…that really matters/counts. Nothing matters/counts but…

  228.What(really)disturbs(surprises/interests/matters to/counts to)us most is…

  229.It is horrifying(shocking/surprising)to find(think)that…

  230.There is no denying(doubt/question)that…

  231.The plain fact(brutal truth/essential point/real issue/crux of the matter)is that…

  232.The problem(danger/tragedy)is that…

  233.No/Little wonder(that)…No/Little wonder(that)…

  234.It should come as(may well come as/is)a(no)surprise to learn(find)that…

  235.Probably(Perhaps)there is some truth in the idea(it is rightly/truthfully said)that…

  236.Of course,it would be a(grave/gross/sad)error(mistake/blunder)to suggest(follow/suppose)that…On the contrary,…

  237.On the face of it,it sounds(seems)absurd(ridiculous).Nonetheless(Yet),it is true.

  238.We may find/have something(nothing/much/little)to be said for(against/in favor of)the view(idea)…

  239.We can/may…,we can/may…But we can/may never…

  240.…is measured(determined)more by…than by(not by…but by/by…as well as by/by…rather than by)…

  241.To do…is(does)not…,but rather(quite the opposite/on the contrary)…

  242.It does(They do)not…,but…;it does(they do)not…but…

  243.Historically(Traditionally/Generally),our society(nation)has taken(held/adopted)a dim(negative/lukewarm/critical)view of/attitude toward

  …

  244.In fact,…is not the bad thing(as bad as/as bad a thing)it is often held(supposed/expected)to be.

  245.This is not to say(It is not suggested/It doesn’t follow/It doesn’t mean)that…That would be silly(foolish/misleading/mistaken)

  246.Don’t get the idea(let anyone tell you)that…

  247.Little(Much)is said/told/known/studied/understood)about/of…

  248.Along with the awareness of(dedication to/interest in/demand for/effort to)…comes…

  249.It is not(Not)that I don’t wish(want/believe)…Obviously/Quite the opposite…

  250.…,so the charges(arguments/saying)go(es)/run(s),…

  Ⅱ推理论说

  251.If this/that is the case(it is true),we may…

  252.This may be true(the case)if you…

  253.If…,it is simply(only/merely/precisely)because… 254.If…why(how)shall/can we…? 255.Moreover/Furthermore,if…

  256.If half the(our)money(efforts/energy)were devoted to(directed at/spent on)…,we would…

  257.Having recognized(accepted/agreed with)…,it follows that …

  258.Of course,if you…,you/it will…But as soon as you…,you/it will…

  259.But even if it could be(has been)proved(demonstrated)that it contributes nothing to…(gets one nowhere,)it would still…

  260.…would be of little use(value/importance)if…;if…;and if…(unless…;unless…;and unless…)

  261.…may be①difficult,if not impossible②important,if not essential③necessary,if not absolute,…

  262.No amount of indignation(patience/sacrifice/practice/hard work)can compensate(substitute/make up)for…

  263.Even/Quite a minor(modest/brief/little)improvement(in-crease/knowledge/change)of…can cause(trigger off/contribute to)…

  264.The smallest(slightest/modest)change(improvement/progress)can produce(bring about/lead to)…

  265.Anyone with the slightest(modest/least)knowledge(common sense)of…knows(can tell)that…

  266.A little(careful/better)study comparison/understanding/appreciation)of…can/will help(promote/contribute to)…

  267.Who is to say when/if…,or even to say…

  268.It is almost(hardly)impossible(inconceivable)that…without … 269.Hardly(Scarcely anyone/Few people)…without…

  270.You/One cannot without…

  271.It doesn’t matter(makes no difference)whether/that…

  272.No matter how…However

  273.Whatever the causes/pressures/conditions,…

  274.However great the demand(urgent the need/laudable the de-sire/praiseworthy the effort)to…,and however…

  275.The more…;the more…;the more…

  276…never(not/hardly)…let alone(much less/to say nothing of/ not to speak/mention of)…

  (七)细节支持句型

  Ⅰ举例说明

  277.…is often(frequently/generally)cited(quoted/mentioned)as a single(common/familiar/prime)example of…

  278.A good(better/classic)case in point(example of this)is(can be)best provided by…

  279.This/To offer(s)(provide(s)/prove(s)/show(s))a typical (concrete/notable/striking)instance(example/illustration)of…,to

  280.To the already(now)familiar facts(examples),another(a few more/numerous/abundant other/a number of other)fact(s)(example(s))may be added.

  281.As a(n)example(of…)(illustration(of…)/case in point),we may take/see…

  282.History(This nation/Our society)is filled(abounds)with the examples of…

  283.…,for one,/,for example,/,say,…

  284.What shall we say(We can/If),for example,…

  285.But consider,for example,(take a look at)…

  286.A very similar story(example/case)can be told(cited/offered)from…

  287.Such instances/examples(Instances of the same sort/Numerous other instances)might be given(quoted/multiplied)indefinitely(easily),but this(these)will be sufficient(suffice)(to show that…).

  288.I can think of no better illustration of the idea(view)than

  the fact(example/case)of…

  289.The case(s)(instance(s)/story/stories)is(are)only(but)one(a few)example(s)of…

  290.Suppose that…

  291.Let us suppose(imagine)that you…Would(will)you…?Would(Will)you…?

  292.Just think of…

  293.Just imagine(think)that(what/how)…would be like (happen)when(if/without)…

  294.There is hardly(scarcely)a man who(anything that)hasn’t (doesn’t)…

  295.It is a rare man who(thing that)…

  Ⅱ事实证明

  296.No one can deny(doubt/ignore/overlook)the bare(hard/essential/profound)fact that…

  297.We must(may)face(accept/admire/recognize/mention/point out)the indisputable(undeniable/astonishing/deplorable)fact that

  298.This(It)brings out(sets forth/reveals/demonstrates)a(n)important(unquestionable/hard)fact that…

  299.Yet it(one)can’t(doesn’t)change/alter the fact that…

  300.There is much/little/no/not sufficient/logical(It provides/finds a considerable/ample/sound)basis/justification for…

  301.The idea(view/criticism/complaint)is hardly(barely/amply/fully)supported(justified/borne out)by facts(statistics/statistic evidence)

  302.There is every(strong/little/sufficient/considerable)evidence that(to show that/as to/against/in favor of)…

  303.All reliable data(statistic evidence/scientific/observations/available information/undoubted facts)pile(s)up to show(justify(justifies)/point(s)to/lend(s)support to)the fact(view)that…

  304.Personal experience(Case histories/Examples I read of/Statistics available)show(s)(suggest(s)/teach(es)me/lead(s)me to conclude)that…

  305.Recent(The latest/New/Nationwide)studies(surveys/investigations/polls)conducted(taken)by doctors(in1990)show(reveal/demonstrate/indicate/prove)that…

  306.We have whole history(reliable statistics/considerable/evidence/ample objective proof)to tell(show/prove)that…

  307.Evidence(of…)is steadily(gradually)accumulating(piling up)that…

  308.Unfortunately,none of the available evidence(date)shows(indicates/suggests)any significant(proven)corelation(link)between…

  309.As(is/can be)evidenced(shown/seen/indicated)in the statistics/reports,…

  310.While it may(appear to)be true(the case)that…,the evidence suggests…

  311.Although statistic evidence is not always as reliable as one might wish,the available information suggests/shows that…

  312.Nothing could be more obvious(apparent)than the evidence that…

  313.You don’t have to look very far to see(identify/find out)the truth(evidence/validity/reason)

  314.No one is(should be)morally(mentally/psychologically)comfortable with the evidence(fact/notion)…

  315.This has proved(turned out)to be the case.

  316.But(Perhaps)the(most)surprising(extraordinary/peculiar/funny)thing(about it)is that…

  317.There are instances when(times when/situations in which)… 318.Gone are the days(The day is gone/past)when…

  319.One may not forget the old days(think back to the early days)when…

  Ⅲ数据引用

  320.According to a(the)new(recent/1990/latest)survey(poll/census/census report)in1990(from1970to1990)…jumped/increase/rose/soared/spiraled up(dropped/decreased/fell)(by)X percent(to X percent/from X percent to Y percent/at a rate of X percent/an aver-age of X percent)

  321.According to the Public Health Bureau(the National Education Department/the Census Bureau)increased/rose(decreased/dropped)almost(about/

  more than)twice(five times/two and a half times),in1990(compared with1990/from1970to1990)

  322.A study(report)by the National Bureau of Economic Re-search(the Department of Education/the State Statistical Bureau)estimates(points out/suggests)that the rate(number/percentage)of…is twice(half/4times)as much as(the1990level/the national average).

  323.According to official(reliable)statistics(figures/data)(re-leased/provided by…),the rate(number/percentage)has almost(more than)doubled(tripled),compared with(as against/since)1990.

  324.According to the China Daily(the Xinmin Evening News/the Economic Daily),the rate(number/percentage)was…X percent more/less than t

  he1990level/rate(more/less than X percent of the1990to-tal/whole).

  325.In(By)1990 only(less than/more than/about/as many as)three-quarters(40percent/one out of our/one in four)college population(TV viewers/teenagers)preferred(wanted/chose)…as against(com-pared with)20 percent(one in three)last year.

  326.There were a X percent increase/decline in the rate of(X percent of)…this year,up/down from X percent(a jump/drop of X percentage point)for the same period last year(from/since1990/in a five-month period)

  327.The illiteracy/unemployment percentage(birth/death/crime/ accident rate)has reached(approached/risen to)X percent (an average of X percent

  /something of a plateau) in the past few years(recent years/1990).It is(remains)the highest/second-highest(lowest/second-lowest)in history.

  328.It accounts for(makes up/constitutes)X percent of the total/whole.

  329.After a steady decline(leveling off)for3years(since1990/during the1980’s),the rate(number/percentage)begins(starts)rising (going up)once again.

  (八)承上启下句型

  Ⅰ承上阐述

  330.To understand the truth(point/nature)of…,it is important (necessary/essential)to examine(analyze/see)…

  331.To get a sense of(better look at/better understanding of/full appreciation of)how(what)…,we must(have to)turn first to(have a bird’s eye view of/make a close study of)…

  332.To illustrate(prove/show)this point,let me(us)consider(ask why/look first at/develop my argument)

  333.A(n)study(comparison/example)of…,perhaps,will make this point clear.

  Ⅱ深入阐述

  334.But that’s only part of the story(explanation).Perhaps the most significant(remarkable/surprising)about…is…

  335.Another equally important role(aspect/function consideration)is…Equally important/essential is…

  336.Closely connected with(related to/associated with/paralleling)this(factor)is…

  337.…may further be supported by(demonstrate/contribute to)…

  338.…is but one of many effects(functions/pressures/aspects/roles).Another is…/Another aspect/factor/characteristic is…(Another problem/question/difficulty arises).

  339.Besides(In addition to this/Apart from…),another(other)way(s)(think(s) /aspect(s)/function(s))is/are…

  Ⅲ反面阐述

  340.Despite(In spite of/For all)the difficulty(cost/problem/pressure/ increase)…

  341.On the other hand,… On the contrary,… By contrast,… 342.Rather than… Instead of…

  343.But(And)the opposite(reverse)is usually(also)true(the case)

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